Eliphas Levi’s Baphomet
Levi’s illustration of Baphomet was meant to be a highly allegorical image representing multiple magical principles. Unfortunately, people saw the ugly goat body and the bare breasts and presumed it represented Satan, which it didn’t.
The use of the name “Baphomet” in and of itself caused further confusion, with many people thinking that it refers to a demon or at least a pagan god. In fact, it refers to neither. It first showed up in the Middle Ages, probably as a corruption of Mahomet, the Latinized version of Mohammad.
Baphomet, which has commonly been interpreted as the name of a demon or a pagan deity, although such beings are completely absent from any historical record.
Baphomet is a deity that the Knights Templar were falsely accused of worshipping and that subsequently was incorporated into disparate occult and mystical traditions. The name Baphomet appeared in trial transcripts for the Inquisition of the Knights Templar starting in 1307.
In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Pan is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, nature of mountain wilds, rustic music and impromptus, and companion of the nymphs. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat, in the same manner as a faun or satyr.
In Ancient Syria, goats were draped with silver necklaces and cast out of town on the day of the king’s wedding. These animals were believed to carry with them the evils surrounding the day and the community. The concept was passed down for ages into Biblical times, where the goat was used to represent Azazel, a powerful demonic force, and cast out on Yom Kippur. The term “scapegoating” is a ministration of Azazel’s name.
The Scandinavian custom of the Yule Goat begins. Referencing goats that were once slaughtered at Yuletide, this straw goat replica takes different forms in different countries—many see it as a deliverer of good tidings and gifts, while the Finnish see it as a huge and ugly creature used to scare away evil spirits and bad luck. “Going Yule goat” is a term soon used to describe caroling.
The Chinese zodiac calendar is established during the Han Dynasty, one symbol of which is the Goat (sometimes the Ram or Sheep). According to the zodiac, those born under the sign of the goat are shy, introverted, and creative perfectionists It should also be noted that those born between February of 1991 and February 1992 are elementally considered the Metal Goat.